Beaumont Laboratory - Lab Test Details

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Beaumont Laboratory

Lipoprotein Associated Phospholipase A2 Activity

PLAC Test, Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2, EPIC: LAB7002, SOFT: PLACA

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect (preferred specimen): One Gold-top SST tube.
Also acceptable: One plain Red-top tube.

Physician Office/Drawsite Specimen Preparation

Let specimen clot 30-60 minutes then immediately centrifuge to separate serum from cells. Refrigerate (2-8°C or 36-46°F) the centrifuged collection tube within four hours of collection. (Min: 0.5 mL)

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: Centrifuged collection tube, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F). (Min: 0.5 mL)

Rejection Criteria

  • Hemolyzed specimens.
  • Specimens not collected and processed as indicated.


Specimen Stability for Testing:

Centrifuged SST Tubes and Microtainers® with Separator Gel
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 24 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 14 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 18 months

Red-top Tubes and Microtainers® without Separator Gel
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 4 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 30 hours
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): Unacceptable

Serum Specimens (Pour-Overs)
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 24 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 14 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 18 months

Specimen Storage in Department Prior to Disposal:

Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days


Royal Oak Automated Chemistry Laboratory.


Wednesday, Friday.
Results available within five business days.

Reference Range

Less than 225 nmol/min/mL.

Test Methodology



Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 should be used in conjunction with clinical evaluation and patient risk assessment. An elevated level may predict for an increased risk for CHD and ischemic stroke associated with atherosclerosis.

Clinical Utility

Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) has been shown to be an independent inflammatory marker of cardiovascular risk and events. It is produced by macrophages in response to the presence of oxidized lipids and circulates primarily in association with low-density lipoprotein particles (LDL). Whereas hsCRP detects inflammation that is either part of atherosclerosis or some other systemic or localized process, Lp-PLA2 is much more specific for vascular inflammation and appears to be a marker of unstable atherosclerotic plaques. In the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS) (2), there was a two-fold risk of CHD in individuals in the highest quintile compared to the lowest quintile and in the Atherosclerosis Risks in Communities Study (ARIC) (3), there was almost a two-fold risk of ischemic stroke in individuals with an increased Lp-PLA2 level.


  1. Lanman R. et al. Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2: Review and Recommendation of a Clinical Cut-Point for Adults. Prev Cardiol 2006;9:138-143.
  2. Packard CJ et al. Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 as an Independent Predictor of Coronary Heart Disease. West of Scotland Prevention Study Group. N Engl J Med. 2000;343:1148-1155.
  3. Balantyne CM et al. Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2, High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein and Risk for Incident Heart Disease in Middle-Aged Men and Women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Circulation 2004;109:837-842.

CPT Code


Test Codes


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This directory currently reflects information only for specimens collected and/or processed at the Farmington Hills, Grosse Pointe, Royal Oak, and Troy campuses.