Lab Test

Elm (Allergen Specific IgE)

Family Ulmaceae, Elm (t8)

Test Codes

Antrim #31409, EPIC: LAB5629, SOFT: ELM

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect: One Gold-top SST tube.

Twenty individual allergen assays or allergen screens can be performed on one 5 mL Gold-top SST tube. Each allergen assay requires 100 mcL of serum.

Physician Office/Draw Specimen Preparation

Let specimen clot 30-60 minutes then immediately centrifuge to separate serum from cells. Refrigerate (2-8°C or 36-46°F) the centrifuged collection tube within two hours of collection.

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: Centrifuged collection tube, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Rejection Criteria

Plasma specimens.

Severely lipemic or hemolyzed specimens.

In-Lab Processing

Let specimen clot 30-60 minutes then immediately centrifuge to separate serum from cells. Room temperature is acceptable for a maximum of two hours.


Storage

Specimen Stability for Testing:

Centrifuged SST Tubes and Microtainers® with Separator Gel
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 2 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): Unacceptable

Red-top Tubes and Microtainers® without Separator Gel
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 2 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): Unacceptable
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): Unacceptable

Serum Specimens (Pour-Overs)
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 2 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 1 month

Specimen Storage in Department Prior to Disposal:

Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days

Laboratory

Royal Oak Special Testing Laboratory

Performed

Monday – Friday.
Results available the next business day.

Reference Range

Allergy Reference Range: Less than 0.35 kU/L. 

Range (kU/L) Class Interpretation
Less than or equal to 0.34 0 Negative
0.35-0.69 1 Low
0.70-3.49 2 Medium
3.50-17.49 3 High
17.50-49.99 4 Very High
50.0-100.0 5 Very High
Greater than 100 6 Very High

Test Methodology

Fluorescence Enzyme Immunoassay (FEIA).

Interpretation

The allergen class may not be predictive of clinical disease in some patients. The diagnosis of allergy should be based upon patient history and clinical findings. The diagnosis of allergy should not be based upon laboratory findings alone.

Clinical Utility

A positive test result (class 1 or greater) is indicative of the presence of allergen-specific IgE and suggests an increased likelihood of allergic disease.

Clinical Disease

The primary cultivated sources of pollen allergens aside from a few grass species, such as Timothy grass and the sugar beet, are trees (1). Elm species occur east of the Rocky Mountains predominately, but are distributed throughout the United States. Although the elm population was severely threatened by Dutch elm disease, elm pollen is still a major contributor to tree pollen allergies due to the large amounts of highly allergenic pollen that is shed (2).

Transmission of tree pollen, such as elm pollen, is aided by warm, dry, rapid air currents that typically occur during midday and early afternoon (1). Pollen counts are decreased after periods of rain. Of the pollen allergens, tree pollens are the heaviest and therefore do not travel very far from the pollen source (3). In the springtime (March-April), eastern elms typically are producing peak pollen levels. However, other species of elm have a peak that occurs late in the summer (1).

The airborne transmission of elm pollen produces itchy, watery eyes, scratchy throat, sneezing, and coughing.

Reference

  1. Middleton, E., Charles Reed, Elliot Ellis, N. Franklin Adkinson, John Yunginger, and William Busse. Allergy Principles and Practice. Volume I. 4th ed. Mosby: St. Louis. 1993. Pp. 485, 488 - 489.
  2. Patterson, R. Leslie Grammar, Paul Greenberger and C. Zeiss. Allergic Diseases Diagnosis and Management. 4th ed. J.B. Lippincott Co.: Philadelphia. 1993. Pp. 108.
  3. Korenblat, Phillip MD, H. James Wedner MD. Allergy Theory and Practice. 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders Co.: Philadelphia. 1992. Pp. 273.

CPT Codes

86003
LOINC: 6109-3

Contacts

Last Updated

6/10/2021

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