Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid, 5 (5HIAA), Urine 24 Hour

5-HIAA, Urine 5-Hydroxyindole Acetic Acid , Hydroxyindole Acetic Acid, Urine, 5- , WARDE: U5HIA, EPIC: LAB7068, SOFT: XHI24


  • This test cannot be added to orders in a plain urine container without preservative.
  • Patients should avoid the following foods and medications for at least 48 hours before and during the 24 hour urine collection: bananas, walnuts, pineapple, plantain, avocados, eggplant, tomatoes, plums, kiwi fruit, chlorophenylalanine, isocarboxazid, isoniazid, levodopa, methyldopa, monoamin oxidase inhibitors (type of antidepressant), phenmetrazine, rauwolfia, or reserpine. Patients should consult their physician if they are unsure whether they are taking any of the listed medications. Patients should also consult their physician before stopping any medication.
  • A Urine Creatinine test is performed on each sample.
  • Pease refer to the Specimen Collection Manual for instructions on 24 Hour Urine Collection:

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect: 24 hour urine sample with 15 mL of 6N Hydrochloric Acid added prior to the start of collection.

  • Keep 24 hour urine specimen iced or refrigerated during collection.
  • Include the start and end dates and times for the collection period on the specimen container.
Urine Preservative Options
No Preservative
6N Hydrochloric Acid
Boric Acid (10g)
Sodium Carbonate
50% Acetic Acid

Physician Office/Drawsite Specimen Preparation

Maintain specimens refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F) prior to transport.

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: Entire 24 hour urine collection, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Rejection Criteria

  • Random urine samples.
  • 24-hour urine collections will not be tested unless acid preservative is added to the collection device at the beginning of the collection period.
  • Samples not kept refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F) will not be tested.


0,Refrigerated (2o -8oC)


Monday, Wednesday, Friday.
Results are available in 5-7 days.

Reference Range

By report.

Test Methodology

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).


Elevated 5-HIAA less than 25 mg/d reflects increased serotonin production due most commonly to carcinoid tumor, where levels may exceed 350 mg/d. Dietary sources of serotonin can cause mild elevations and must be ruled out for proper interpretation.

Clinical Utility

5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid, a metabolite of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine), may be elevated in urine as a result of a metastatic carcinoid tumor (argentaffinoma), celiac sprue, tropical sprue, Whipple's disease and oat cell carcinoma of the bronchus.

CPT Code

83497, 82570

Test Codes


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