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Beaumont Laboratory

Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid, 5 (5HIAA), Urine 24 Hour

5-HIAA, Urine 5-Hydroxyindole Acetic Acid , Hydroxyindole Acetic Acid, Urine, 5-, WARDE: U5HIA, EPIC: LAB7068, SOFT: XHI24

Instructions

  • This test cannot be added to orders in a plain urine container without preservative.
  • Patients should avoid the following foods and medications for at least 48 hours before and during the 24 hour urine collection: bananas, walnuts, pineapple, plantain, avocados, eggplant, tomatoes, plums, kiwi fruit, chlorophenylalanine, isocarboxazid, isoniazid, levodopa, methyldopa, monoamin oxidase inhibitors (type of antidepressant), phenmetrazine, rauwolfia, or reserpine. Patients should consult their physician if they are unsure whether they are taking any of the listed medications. Patients should also consult their physician before stopping any medication.
  • A Urine Creatinine test is performed on each sample.
  • Pease refer to the Specimen Collection Manual for instructions on 24 Hour Urine Collection:

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect: 24 hour urine sample with 25 mL of 6N Hydrochloric Acid added prior to the start of collection.

  • Keep 24 hour urine specimen iced or refrigerated during collection.
  • Include the start and end dates and times for the collection period on the specimen container.
Urine Preservative Options
No Preservative
6N Hydrochloric Acid
Boric Acid (10g)
Sodium Carbonate
50% Acetic Acid
Unacceptable
REQUIRED
Unacceptable
Unacceptable
Unacceptable

Physician Office/Drawsite Specimen Preparation

Maintain specimens refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F) prior to transport.

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: Entire 24 hour urine collection, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Rejection Criteria

  • Random urine samples.
  • 24-hour urine collections will not be tested unless acid preservative is added to the collection device at the beginning of the collection period.
  • Samples not kept refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F) will not be tested.

Storage

Specimen Stability for Testing:

Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 10 days
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 14 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 1 year

Specimen Storage in Department Prior to Disposal:

Specimen retention time is determined by the policy of the reference laboratory. Contact the Sendout Laboratory with any questions.

Laboratory

Sent to Warde Medical Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI.

Performed

Monday, Wednesday, Friday.
Results are available in 5-7 days.

Reference Range

By report.

Test Methodology

High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).

Interpretation

Elevated 5-HIAA less than 25 mg/d reflects increased serotonin production due most commonly to carcinoid tumor, where levels may exceed 350 mg/d. Dietary sources of serotonin can cause mild elevations and must be ruled out for proper interpretation.

Clinical Utility

5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid, a metabolite of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine), may be elevated in urine as a result of a metastatic carcinoid tumor (argentaffinoma), celiac sprue, tropical sprue, Whipple's disease and oat cell carcinoma of the bronchus.

CPT Code

83497, 82570

Test Codes

WARDE: U5HIA, EPIC: LAB7068, SOFT: XHI24

Last Updated

04/06/2017

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This directory currently reflects information only for specimens collected and/or processed at the Farmington Hills, Grosse Pointe, Royal Oak, and Troy campuses.