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Beaumont Laboratory

Trichomonas vaginalis by PCR

Trichomoniasis, Trich, Vaginosis, Vaginitis, STI, NAA, NAAT, EPIC: LAB7076, SOFT: ITVG

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect: One of the following specimen types:

  1. Vaginal/Endocervical Swab in one of the following:
    • Cepheid Xpert® swab media (FDA-approved)
    • Universal Transport media (UVT)
  2. Urine: unpreserved, first catch urine in a sterile container. (Min: 8.0 mL)

Physician Office/Drawsite Specimen Preparation

  • Vaginal/Endocervical Swab: Maintain refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F).  
  • Urine: Maintain refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: Urine in a sterile collection container or vaginal/endocervical swab, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Rejection Criteria

  • Specimens submitted in media other than those listed above.
  • Specimens submitted in bacterial transport systems.
  • Specimens submitted on cotton or calcium alginate swabs, or on wooden shaft swabs.
  • Specimens frozen.

Storage

Specimen Stability for Testing:

Cepheid Xpert® Vaginal/Endocervical Swabs
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 14 days
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 28 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): NA

Universal Transport media (UVT) Vaginal/Endocervical Swabs
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 4 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): NA


Urine (Unpreserved/Neat):
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 4 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 4 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): NA

Specimen Storage in Department Prior to Disposal:

Cepheid Xpert® Vaginal/Endocervical swabs: Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days
Urine: Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 7 days 

Laboratory

Clinical Molecular Pathology Laboratory

Performed

Sunday - Saturday.
Results available within 48 hours.

Reference Range

Negative.

Test Methodology

Nucleic Acid Amplification (FDA Approved; Cepheid XpertT®).

Interpretation

A negative result does not rule out Trichomonas vaginalis infection. Trichomonas tenax, a normal commensal of the oral cavity, will give a false positive test result and should be considered for individuals engaging in oral-genital sex.

Clinical Utility

This assay provides a highly sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis infection from both female and male genitourinary specimens.

Clinical Disease

Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan that resides in the female lower genital tract and in the urethra and prostate of males. Symptoms in females can include itching, burning, redness, or soreness of the genitals, unusual odor, discomfort with urination, or a thin clear, white, yellow, or green discharge.2 In men, trichomoniasis may cause non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). Symptoms in males can include itching or burning inside the penis, burning after ejaculation or urination, or penile discharge.

Epidemiology

The protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis is responsible for trichomoniasis, which is a common sexually transmitted infection that can infect both men and women. There are 7.4 million cases of trichomoniasis annually in the United States. Trichomoniasis infections can be symptomatic or asymptomatic.

Incubation Period

The incubation period ranges from 5-28 days.

CPT Code

87661.

Test Codes

EPIC: LAB7076, SOFT: ITVG

Last Updated

05/02/2017

Microtainer® and Vacutainer® are registered trademarks of Becton, Dickinson and Company.
UroVysion® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories. ThinPrep® is a registered trademark of Hologic, Incorporated.

This directory currently reflects information only for specimens collected and/or processed at the Farmington Hills, Grosse Pointe, Royal Oak, and Troy campuses.